The Development of Appreciative Prose Textbook through Active Learning for Students of PGSD Study Program in Surakarta Regions ( Vol-3,Issue-1,January - February 2018 )
Author: Markamah E.S., Slamet S.Y. , Rukayah, Winarni R.
Keyword: active learning; textbooks; appreciative prose learning; development; thematic integrative.
Abstract: Literary learning has not been taught appreciatively to PGSD students. It is urgent and needed to be done research on the development of appreciative literary textbooks. The purpose of this study is to: (1) describe the needs of students and lecturers about thematic-integrative appreciative prose textbook, (2) to describe the development of thematic-integrative appreciative prose textbook, (3) to find the effectiveness of thematic-integrative appreciative prose textbook, and 4) describe the result of dissemination of thematic-integrative appreciative prose textbook. The type of research used in this study was a development study developed by Borg and Gall. The study was conducted through 4 steps, namely: (1) preliminary stage, (2) model development stage, (3) model testing stage, (4) dissemination stage. The research approach used in the exploration stage was descriptive qualitative approach. Data were collected through interviews, observation, documentation, and questionnaires. Data analysis technique was done using interactive analysis model. Model testing was done by conducting experimental research. The results of this research were: (1) exploration stage showed that appreciative prose textbook that was used in UNS Surakarta, UMS Sukoharjo, and UNISRI Surakarta did not meet the students and lecturers’ expectation, (2) development stage of thematic-integrative appreciative prose textbook model was done through preliminary field testing; and (3) the effectiveness testing of the textbook (main field testing) found out that the value of t obtained (8.85) which was then compared with the value of t table for N = 90, α = 0.05 (1.67). Thus, t-obtained (8.85) > t-table (1.67), then the hypothesis was accepted (Ho was rejected) and the study is significant. This means that thematic-integrative appreciative prose textbook is declared effective.
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