• Track Your Paper
  • Submit Now
  • Join Us

ISSN: 2456-7620

Oppression amidst Socio-political Tapestry of Azucena Grajo Uranza’s “Bamboo in the Wind”

Oppression amidst Socio-political Tapestry of Azucena Grajo Uranza’s “Bamboo in the Wind” ( Vol-3,Issue-2,March - April 2018 )

Author: Matilda H. Dimaano

Keyword: human transformation, literary analysis, Marcosian era, oppression, socio-political novel.

Abstract: Literature as a form of art captures life in all its varied forms and shapes. It reflects society and serves as a corrective mirror where people can look at themselves and find a reason to initiate a positive change. This study aims to thresh out the preponderance of oppression as a theme in the various facets of the novel through exposition of excerpts and surface out the corrective change manifested by the characters as written. The novel of Azucena Grajo Uranza entitled “Bamboo in the Wind” depicting a socio-political story anchored in Philippine history during the Marcosian era, was analyzed using the sociological and philosophical approach to literary criticism. Findings show that different forms of oppression were experienced by the characters in the novel. These include exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, and violence. These realities happened amidst the backdrop of martial law in the Marcosian era. The author was able to emulate the transformation of human consciousness of character and made apparent two significant learnings in man’s experience, that of human dignification and being a man for others. The novel captures socio-political accounts that give life to history and is indeed a national treasure where Filipinos in contemporary times and people of various cultures may derive insights for human transformational learning.


Wellek, R. and Warren, A. (1968). Theory of literature. London, Penguin Books p. 228.
Iranmanesh Z. (2013). Narrative prose and its different types.Journal of Languages and Culture.Vol. 4(8), pp. 125-131. DOI: 10.5897/JLC11.073.http://www.academicjournals.org/JLC
Chikara, M. (2010). Novel as contemporary Indian history- A glimpse of works by Manohar Malgonkar, His contemporaries, and precursors. Language in India. 10:8 www.lanuageinindia.com. Retrieve 06 August 2015
Faruqi,S.R. (2009). The historical novel and the historical narrative. Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi.
The art of fiction in Henry James’ novel, “The wings of the dove”. www. mockingbird.creighton. edu/. Retrieved 06 Aug 2015.
[1]. http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/English/novel. html.
Young, I. M. (1992). The five faces of oppression in Rethinking Power, edited by Thomas Wartenberg, SUNY Press.
Uranza, A.G. (1990). Bamboo in the wind. Manila. Vera-Reyes, Inc.
Ali, T. (2013). Sociological approach. http://aratiarah.blogspot.com/2013/05sociological-approach.html.
Dana Gioia and X. J. Kennedy. (1976). Literature: An introduction to fiction, poetry, and drama.
http://brugger.weebly.com/uploads/2/0/1/4/2014824/ moral and philosophical_criticism.pdf.
Barker, R. L. (2003). The social work dictionary (5th ed.). Washington, DC: NASW Press.
Charlton, J. I. (1998). Nothing about us without us disability oppression and empowerment. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Johnson, A. G. (2000). Privilege, power and difference. McGraw-Hill, Boston.
Galdon, J.A., S.J. Philippine Studies vol. 40, no. 2 (1992): 267–269
Tilly, C. (1998). Modes of exploitation. In C. Tilly (Ed.), Durable Inequality. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Hinson, S. and Bradley, A. A structural analysis of oppression. http://www.cssforum.com.pk/css-option al-subjects/group-v/gender-studies/101608-oppression-social-structure.html
http://www.sociologyguide.com/civil-society/marginalization.php, 2016
[2]. Young, I. M. (2004). Oppression, privilege, and resistance. Lisa Heldke and Peg O’Connor (eds), McGraw Hill, Boston.
Freire, P. (1921). Culture of silence. In Historical Conditioning and Levels of Consciousness: The Politics of Education. Donaldo Macedo (transl.). Bergi & Garvey, London.
Randy David: Marcos and martial law. https:/ /ricelander.wordpress.com/2012/09/14/why-marcos-declared-martial-law/
www.philstar.com/freeman-opinion/2013/09/20/ 1232401/prelude-declaration –martial law
Young, I M. (2012). The faces of oppression. http://www.kaieteurnewsonline.com/2012/01/09/ the-faces-of-oppression.
[3]. Krug, L.L. Dahlberg, J.A. Mercy, A.B. Zwi & R. Lozano. (2002). World report on violence and health. World Health Organization.
Anderson, B. (2003). Southeast asia over three generations: Essays presented to Benedict R.O’G Andersen, SEAP Publication, Amazon.com, National Bookstore.
William R. Miller and Janet C’ de Baca. (2001). Quantum change. Guilford Press.
Leonard, J. (2002). Individual and societal transformation: The connection. www.quakerins titute.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/joy Transformation.pdf.
Jaspers, K. (2012). Human transformation. https://andrewjtaggart.com/2012/09/13/karl-jaspers-on-human-transformation-and-our-philosophical-attitude/

ijeab doi crossrefDOI: 10.22161/ijels.3.2.7

Total View: 76 Downloads: 14 Page No: 165-173